Testicular Cancer Facts
- A man’s lifetime risk of developing testicular cancer is approximately 1 in 250
- It accounts for 1% of all the cancers in men
- It usually affects young men (age 15 - 39) in their prime of youth
- Testicular cancer has the highest cure rates among all cancers (>90%)
- But, like all cancers, it can recur
- Most commonly there are two types of testicular cancers--seminomas, or slow growing cancer and non-seminomas, or fast growing cancer
- Prominent symptoms include pain/swelling/lumps in testicles/groin areas
- Prominent risk factors include undescended testis (cryptorchidism), family history, mumps and inguinal hernia
- Surgical removal of a testicle will not affect fertility. Chemotherapy, on the other hand, can harm sperm count/quality. Sperm banking may then be considered.
- a painless (or painful) swelling or lump in/on the testicle
- a feeling of heaviness in the testicle
- a light twinge in the groin
- enlargement of the affected testicle
- enlarged abdominal lymph nodes
- enlarged or painful mammary glands
How can I recognise testicular cancer?
A man will notice the first signs of testicular cancer himself. But by the time men go and see a doctor, unfortunately the first metastases have already formed in one third of the cases. Every man should carefully feel both testicles for thickening and hardening once a month. The best time for this check is when the scrotum is limp and soft – that is, when outside temperatures are warm, e.g. under the shower or in the bath.
Typical signs of cancer in its initial stage:
Typical signs of cancer in an advanced stage: