Testicular Cancer Facts

  • A man’s lifetime risk of developing testicular cancer is approximately 1 in 250
  • It accounts for 1% of all the cancers in men
  • It usually affects young men (age 15 - 39) in their prime of youth
  • Testicular cancer has the highest cure rates among all cancers (>90%)
  • But, like all cancers, it can recur
  • Most commonly there are two types of testicular cancers--seminomas, or slow growing cancer and non-seminomas, or fast growing cancer
  • Prominent symptoms include pain/swelling/lumps in testicles/groin areas
  • Prominent risk factors include undescended testis (cryptorchidism), family history, mumps and inguinal hernia
  • Surgical removal of a testicle will not affect fertility. Chemotherapy, on the other hand, can harm sperm count/quality. Sperm banking may then be considered.

  • How can I recognise testicular cancer?
    A man will notice the first signs of testicular cancer himself. But by the time men go and see a doctor, unfortunately the first metastases have already formed in one third of the cases. Every man should carefully feel both testicles for thickening and hardening once a month. The best time for this check is when the scrotum is limp and soft – that is, when outside temperatures are warm, e.g. under the shower or in the bath.

    Typical signs of cancer in its initial stage:

    • a painless (or painful) swelling or lump in/on the testicle
    • a feeling of heaviness in the testicle
    • a light twinge in the groin

    Typical signs of cancer in an advanced stage:

    • enlargement of the affected testicle
    • enlarged abdominal lymph nodes
    • enlarged or painful mammary glands